More cognition, less obstructionSports injuries that athletes must know
Injury in sports, known as sports injuries, can be divided into acute sports injuries and chronic sports injuries according to their causes.
Acute sport injuries：Cracking a bone, bruising or tearing a muscle is examples of acute injuries that happen from a traumatic, sudden event. When these injuries occur, immediate, severe pain may arise, as well as swelling or limb weakness.
Chronic sport injuries: Injuries like stress fractures, runner’s knee and shin splints are all examples of chronic injuries that develop over a long period of time. These types of injuries often occur from overuse and are common in endurance sports that require the use of prolonged, repetitive motions.
The most common acute sports injuries are “sprains” and “strains”
In the medical definition, “sprain” and “strain” refer to the injuries of “ligament” and “tendon” respectively.
Asprainis an injury to a ligament (tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint). When a sprain happens, one or more ligaments is stretched or torn.
Astrainis an injury to a muscle or tendon (fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscle to bone). In a strain, a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn.
How to prevent strain?
- Warming up and stretching before playing a sport.
The most important reason for doing a warm up is to prevent injury during exercise; keeping the muscles warm will prevent acute injuries such as hamstring strains and will stave off overuse injuries by allowing the body to prepare steadily and safely.
- Step by step
The load of exercise and the time of exercise should be gradually increased in a gradual manner, and should not exceed the range of personal abilities.
- Build muscle
Especially centrifugal contraction, the stronger the strength of the muscles can be tolerated, the less likely it is to be pulled.
- Coordination of training exercises
Using the wrong muscles to do the wrong movements increases the chance of strain. Therefore, it is very important to find a professional coach or ask a friend in the relevant field to help you adjust the coordination and posture of the exercise
What should I do if I am injured?
New medical research in the America Journal of Sports Medicine in 2013 pointed out that inhibition, delayed inflammation is not good for your recovery. Inflammation is the natural reaction of the body, sending some inflammatory cells and macrophages to promote wound healing.
At this time, if you apply ice compress, it will cause the blood vessels to contract, so that macrophages cannot reach the injured place. Even injured tissues and cells may die due to lack of blood, which may cause permanent nerve damage. At the same time, ice compress will also reduce strength, speed, endurance and coordination.
The new concept reduces the importance of ice compress, and some studies suggest that the main purpose of ice patch is to relieve pain. When a sports injury occurs, you should stop exercising and raise the affected part to use gravity to reduce swelling, or use a compression band to achieve the same effect. It is only necessary to apply ice compress 2 to 3 times within 6 hours after the injury, each time less than ten minutes, with an interval of at least twenty minutes. It is very important that you do not need ice compress afterwards.
New ideas can also be abbreviated to PRICE ：
If you are injured or unable to move and have open wounds, or lose consciousness, please seek medical attention immediately.
Cold compress is the recommended treatment for acute injuries. It is especially helpful to reduce swelling and control pain. Ice is most effective when it is applied early and often for the first 48 hours.
Heat compress on the other hand, increases circulation and raises skin temperature. For these reasons, it should not be applied to acute injuries, or injuries that show signs of inflammation. Heat is great for sore muscles and joint pain, which are typical of chronic injuries.
A chronic injury is the result of prolonged, repetitive motion that is particularly common in endurance sports such as swimming, running and cycling. As such, chronic injuries are often referred to asoveruseinjuries – injuries resulting from overusing one body area while playing a sport or exercising over a long period. These injuries are commonly related to one of the following – improper technique, trying to progress too fast or overdoing certain motions while playing a sport.
Our body’s adaptability is very strong, and the higher your physical load per day, our body will strengthen the bones and muscles to match your output. However, it should be noted that there is a limit to physical reinforcement to match the output. Many athletes exceed those limits to cause chronic sports injuries.
Far Infrared Rays Treatment
Far-infrared rays can warm up and accelerate the circulation in depth, slowing down acute soreness after exercise and all kinds of chronic soreness caused by muscle or ligament injury, allowing patients to repair the strained tendon with peace of mind. It is generally recommended that the patient directly attach the far infrared ray pad to the affected area for treatment. If the ankle is sprained or inflamed, the far infrared rays can directly attached to the ankle for anti-inflammatory and soothing pain. Far-infrared phototherapy is essentially a low-energy therapy. Non-thermal effect is its biggest feature and it is definitely not as hot as possible, and it is not as effective as the power. This has been confirmed by medical research.
If the level of chronic sports injury is heavier, such as Achilles tendon rupture, patella ligament tear or bare foot fracture must rely on surgically cured sports injuries. Far-infrared rays can be said to be good for postoperative care of pain and wounds because far infrared rays can promote cell regeneration and accelerate wound healing. There are many types of surgery, and many physicians will choose to use the far infrared rays after the surgery to help quickly wound recover and prevent infection.
Because far-infrared rays have low energy, poor penetrability, and are easily shielded by clothing, many far-infrared products on the market are not good for promoting blood circulation. Medical institutions tend to prefer the attach-type far-infrared rays that are eager to wear, because this eliminates the possibility of covering the far-infrared rays from the clothing, and is directly applied to the affected part for rehabilitation treatment.